Multicultural issues in criminal justice

NCSL recognizes that its members have differing views on how to treat cannabis in their states and believes that states and localities should be able to set whatever policies work best to improve the public safety, health, and economic development of their communities. NCSL believes that federal laws, including the Controlled Substances Act CSAshould be amended to explicitly allow states to set their own cannabis policies without federal interference and urges the administration not to undermine state cannabis policies.

Multicultural issues in criminal justice

Background on Criminal Justice "Experience tells us that enhancing and enforcing penalties often fails to resolve social problems, nor do they result in reducing the crime rate.

Moreover this method can create serious problems for the community, such as overcrowded prisons and people held without [valid] convictions In many cases the offender fulfills his punishment objectively, serving his sentence but without changing inside or healing his wounded heart.

A Catholic approach to criminal and restorative justice then recognizes that the dignity of the human person applies to both victims of crime and those who have committed harm.

Justice includes more than punishment. It must include mercy and restoration. A simplistic punitive approach to justice can leave victims of crime with feelings of neglect, abandonment and anger making reconciliation and healing difficult. A restorative justice approach is more comprehensive and addresses the needs of victims, the community and those responsible for causing harm through healing, education, rehabilitation and community support.

People ought to be held accountable for their actions but justice and restoration must be the object of punishment which must have a reformative purpose. In the thirteenth century, Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote, "In this life, however, penalties are not sought for their own sake, because this is not the era of retribution; rather, they are meant to be corrective by being conducive either to the reform of the sinner or the good of society, which becomes more peaceful through the punishment of sinners" Summa Theologica, II-II, Q.

Rehabilitation and restoration also include the spiritual dimension of healing and hope. Those who are impacted by crime or commit crime need the healing power that comes from being reconciled with their neighbor and community, as well as with God.

For restorative justice to be effective, it must also address the systemic and structural barriers to healing such as racial and economic disparity, cycles of crime and incarceration and the breakdown of the family.

Those returning to the community following incarceration face significant barriers such as homelessness, unemployment, poverty, substance abuse, emotional and psychological stress, and social isolation.

Without the proper support to help them succeed, recidivism is more likely placing the person in an almost endless cycle adversely impacting the community and the life and dignity of the returning citizen.

All of us area part of that effort, all of us are invited to encourage, help and enable your rehabilitation. Bishops have also called for a restorative justice approach. In their pastoral statement, Responsibility, Rehabilitation, and Restoration: A Catholic Perspective on Crime and Criminal Justice, the Bishops stated, "Just as God never abandons us, so too we must be in covenant with one another.

We are all sinners, and our response to sin and failure should not be abandonment and despair, but rather justice, contrition, reparation, and return or reintegration of all into the community. Urge your Senators and Representative to support policies that lift up human life and dignity, promote civility, community safety, and help reform people's lives harmed by crime and violence.

Senate that would reduce several federal mandatory minimum drug and firearms related sentences and make those reductions retroactive. It makes the Fair Sentencing Act of retroactive which established parity in sentencing between crack and powder cocaine offenses.

Multicultural issues in criminal justice

It expands the federal "safety valve" exception for drug mandatory minimum sentences giving judges more discretion and, allows many federal prisoners to earn time credits for completing rehabilitative programs in prison.

Sentencing Reform Act of H. House of Representatives that would reduce several federal mandatory minimum drug and firearms sentences and make those reductions retroactive for some prisoners.

It makes the Fair Sentencing Act of retroactive which established parity in sentencing between crack and powder cocaine offenses, and, also expands the federal "safety valve" exception for 5- and year drug mandatory minimum sentences not retroactive giving judges more flexibility in sentencing.

Second Chance Reauthorization Act S. Authorizes funding for reentry programs that help people leaving prison reintegrate back into their communities in healthy and productive ways.

Programs that focus on education, literacy, job-placement, substance abuse treatment and others help people be productive members of society.Cultural diversity issues in criminal justice own machines are high to work in motor located new towns.

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Multicultural Issues in the Criminal Justice System is the only book to completely address diversity issues for every aspect of the criminal justice system. This book seeks to define and characterize the dynamics of cross-cultural interaction and to provide an explanation of the circumstances that have brought American criminal justice into the 21st century.

In the post-modern and multicultural worlds of criminology and criminal justice characterized by post-structuralism, post-Marxism, post-affirmative action, and post-feminism, the variables of class, race, and gender remain fundamental to both theory and practice.

The Master of Science in Criminal Justice is a multidisciplinary, broad-based program that includes study in the overall criminal justice discipline and stresses the application of theory and research to current managerial and societal issues.

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